How is backup in Windows 8? Does it have online backup? Do files sync to SkyDrive like Apple’s iCloud?
Reasonable questions. I had a poke around in Windows 8 Consumer Preview. Search for Backup in the Start menu:
Not that then. Search in Control Panel:
More promising. So what is File History, is that the essence of Backup in Windows 8?
The essentials seem to be: File History is off by default. If Windows finds a drive other than the system drive, it will propose it for File History as above, otherwise it invites you to connect an external drive. Here are the Advanced settings:
You had better make sure that everything you want to save is in a library, because while there is also an Exclude folders option, I cannot see an Include folders option.
But File History is not, to my mind, backup. It will not recover your system or your applications. Oddly, if you want to see all the backup options, do not search for backup; search for recovery.
This is where things get strange. Go into Windows 7 File Recovery, which sounds like some legacy thing, and there is the old backup – yes, it does backup as well as recovery:
Note that from here I can also create a system image or a repair disc.
Alternatively there is the new Recovery feature:
Reset seems clear enough: a clean install, or at least, restoration of the OEM install that came when your PC was new.
Refresh though is more opaque. What exactly happens if you click Refresh?
Refreshing your PC reinstalls Windows and keeps your personal files, settings, and any apps that came with your PC and apps that you installed from Windows Store.
It seems to me that Refresh is essentially a Reset followed by restoration of Windows Store apps, settings, and your files as defined by Windows, probably the same as in File History but who knows? If you have a folder in your C drive called “Important stuff”, my guess is that neither File History nor Refresh will pay it any regard. Don’t do that.
The disappointment of Refresh is that it does not preserve other application installs, you know, like AutoCAD, Photoshop, that custom business app written in VB6 and somehow persuaded to work, and so on. Refresh could be less than refreshing for some users.
Advanced tools includes an option to create a recovery drive. It is not clear to me though what gets included here. On my system I was invited to insert a USB flash drive with at least 256MB capacity, which suggests that not much gets recovered.
Finally, I mentioned SkyDrive and online backup.
There is an online backup service built into Windows Server 8, but which is only available to test if you are in the USA. Might this also be offered to Windows 8 client users? It seems to me possible, but I cannot see it in the Consumer Preview.
What about SkyDrive? Microsoft is promising some strong SkyDrive integration, which will let you:
- Open and save documents direct to SkyDrive in Metro
- Have a SkyDrive folder in Windows Explorer
- Get files from your PC remotely via SkyDrive.com
All good stuff; but I cannot see the desktop SkyDrive app in Windows 8 Consumer Preview. Details are here, where Microsoft’s Mike Torres says:
we aren’t talking about availability right now – but it won’t be available this week.
where “this week” means Consumer Preview week.
I have the Metro SkyDrive app on a Windows 8 slate that is not domain-joined. On my desktop PC, I domain-joined the Windows 8 install. Tried to run SkyDrive and got this:
Hmm. Does that mean not using a domain-joined PC? I went to Users as instructed. There is no “Switch to a Microsoft account” option, but there is an option to “Connect your domain account to your Microsoft account to sync PC settings”:
Hang on a moment. What, exactly, does this do? In particular, what does that last option, “Sign-in info”, mean? That if someone hacks my Live ID they have my domain login too?
How are app settings synced if I have different apps installed? What about different versions of the same app, or is this just Metro apps that can be presumed to be kept updated? What about PCs with different hardware that needs different settings, say Aero enabled on one but not another?
Again, reasonable questions, but don’t bother pressing F1. Nothing will happen.
Conclusion? If you want to backup your files or your system in Windows 8, you are in luck; there are a million options. I do not think you can call this simple though, and my guess is that wrong choices will be made and will be costly.
My choice? Personally I like what Microsoft now calls “Windows 7 recovery”. It does an incremental backup of your entire PC, apps, “C:\important stuff” and everything. And it works. I do not see that any of the newer options replicates this.